Special Characters

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
quotation mark " " " \0022 \42
ampersand & & & \0026 \46
less-than < &lt; &#60; \003c \74
greater-than sign > &gt; &#62; \003e \76

Latin

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
no-break space   &nbsp; &#160; \00a0 \240
inverted exclamation mark ¡ &iexcl; &#161; \00a1 \241
cent sign ¢ &cent; &#162; \00a2 \242
pound sterling sign £ &pound; &#163; \00a3 \243
general currency sign ¤ &curren; &#164; \00a4 \244
yen sign ¥ &yen; &#165; \00a5 \245
Indian Rupee (INR) sign &#x20B9; &#x20B9; \20B9 \u20B9
broken (vertical) bar ¦ &brvbar; &#166; \00a6 \246
section sign § &sect; &#167; \00a7 \247
umlaut (dieresis) ¨ &uml; &#168; \00a8 \250
copyright sign © &copy; &#169; \00a9 \251
ordinal indicator, feminine ª &ordf; &#170; \00aa \252
angle quotation mark, left « &laquo; &#171; \00ab \253
not sign ¬ &not; &#172; \00ac \254
soft hyphen ­ &shy; &#173; \00ad \255
registered sign ® &reg; &#174; \00ae \256
macron ¯ &macr; &#175; \00af \257
degree sign ° &deg; &#176; \00b0 \260
plus-or-minus sign ± &plusmn; &#177; \00b1 \261
superscript two ² &sup2; &#178; \00b2 \262
superscript three ³ &sup3; &#179; \00b3 \263
acute accent ´ &acute; &#180; \00b4 \264
micro sign µ &micro; &#181; \00b5 \265
pilcrow (paragraph sign) &para; &#182; \00b6 \266
middle dot · &middot; &#183; \00b7 \267
cedilla ¸ &cedil; &#184; \00b8 \270
superscript one ¹ &sup1; &#185; \00b9 \271
ordinal indicator, masculine º &ordm; &#186; \00ba \272
angle quotation mark, right » &raquo; &#187; \00bb \273
fraction one-quarter ¼ &frac14; &#188; \00bc \274
fraction one-half ½ &frac12; &#189; \00bd \275
fraction three-quarters ¾ &frac34; &#190; \00be \276
inverted question mark ¿ &iquest; &#191; \00bf \277
capital A, grave accent À &Agrave; &#192; \00c0 \300
capital A, acute accent Á &Aacute; &#193; \00c1 \301
capital A, circumflex accent  &Acirc; &#194; \00c2 \302
capital A, tilde à &Atilde; &#195; \00c3 \303
capital A, dieresis or umlaut mark Ä &Auml; &#196; \00c4 \304
capital A, ring Å &Aring; &#197; \00c5 \305
capital AE diphthong (ligature) Æ &AElig; &#198; \00c6 \306
capital C, cedilla Ç &Ccedil; &#199; \00c7 \307
capital E, grave accent È &Egrave; &#200; \00c8 \310
capital E, acute accent É &Eacute; &#201; \00c9 \311
capital E, circumflex accent Ê &Ecirc; &#202; \00ca \312
capital E, dieresis or umlaut mark Ë &Euml; &#203; \00cb \313
capital I, grave accent Ì &Igrave; &#204; \00cc \314
capital I, acute accent Í &Iacute; &#205; \00cd \315
capital I, circumflex accent Î &Icirc; &#206; \00ce \316
capital I, dieresis or umlaut mark Ï &Iuml; &#207; \00cf \317
capital Eth, Icelandic Ð &ETH; &#208; \00d0 \320
capital N, tilde Ñ &Ntilde; &#209; \00d1 \321
capital O, grave accent Ò &Ograve; &#210; \00d2 \322
capital O, acute accent Ó &Oacute; &#211; \00d3 \323
capital O, circumflex accent Ô &Ocirc; &#212; \00d4 \324
capital O, tilde Õ &Otilde; &#213; \00d5 \325
capital O, dieresis or umlaut mark Ö &Ouml; &#214; \00d6 \326
multiply sign × &times; &#215; \00d7 \327
capital O, slash Ø &Oslash; &#216; \00d8 \330
capital U, grave accent Ù &Ugrave; &#217; \00d9 \331
capital U, acute accent Ú &Uacute; &#218; \00da \332
capital U, circumflex accent Û &Ucirc; &#219; \00db \333
capital U, dieresis or umlaut mark Ü &Uuml; &#220; \00dc \334
capital Y, acute accent Ý &Yacute; &#221; \00dd \335
capital THORN, Icelandic Þ &THORN; &#222; \00de \336
small sharp s, German (sz ligature) ß &szlig; &#223; \00df \337
small a, grave accent à &agrave; &#224; \00e0 \340
small a, acute accent á &aacute; &#225; \00e1 \341
small a, circumflex accent â &acirc; &#226; \00e2 \342
small a, tilde ã &atilde; &#227; \00e3 \343
small a, dieresis or umlaut mark ä &auml; &#228; \00e4 \344
small a, ring å &aring; &#229; \00e5 \345
small ae diphthong (ligature) æ &aelig; &#230; \00e6 \346
small c, cedilla ç &ccedil; &#231; \00e7 \347
small e, grave accent è &egrave; &#232; \00e8 \350
small e, acute accent é &eacute; &#233; \00e9 \351
small e, circumflex accent ê &ecirc; &#234; \00ea \352
small e, dieresis or umlaut mark ë &euml; &#235; \00eb \353
small i, grave accent ì &igrave; &#236; \00ec \354
small i, acute accent í &iacute; &#237; \00ed \355
small i, circumflex accent î &icirc; &#238; \00ee \356
small i, dieresis or umlaut mark ï &iuml; &#239; \00ef \357
small eth, Icelandic ð &eth; &#240; \00f0 \360
small n, tilde ñ &ntilde; &#241; \00f1 \361
small o, grave accent ò &ograve; &#242; \00f2 \362
small o, acute accent ó &oacute; &#243; \00f3 \363
small o, circumflex accent ô &ocirc; &#244; \00f4 \364
small o, tilde õ &otilde; &#245; \00f5 \365
small o, dieresis or umlaut mark ö &ouml; &#246; \00f6 \366
divide sign ÷ &divide; &#247; \00f7 \367
small o, slash ø &oslash; &#248; \00f8 \370
small u, grave accent ù &ugrave; &#249; \00f9 \371
small u, acute accent ú &uacute; &#250; \00fa \372
small u, circumflex accent û &ucirc; &#251; \00fb \373
small u, dieresis or umlaut mark ü &uuml; &#252; \00fc \374
small y, acute accent ý &yacute; &#253; \00fd \375
small thorn, Icelandic þ &thorn; &#254; \00fe \376
small y, dieresis or umlaut mark ÿ &yuml; &#255; \00ff \377

Latin Extended

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
Latin capital ligature oe Π&OElig; &#338; \0152 \u0152
Latin small ligature oe œ &oelig; &#339; \0153 \u0153
Latin capital letter s with caron Š &Scaron; &#352; \0160 \u0160
Latin small letter s with caron š &scaron; &#353; \0161 \u0161
Latin capital letter y with diaeresis Ÿ &Yuml; &#376; \0178 \u0178
Latin small f with hook ƒ &fnof; &#402; \0192 \u0192

Spacing Modifier Letters

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
modifier letter circumflex accent ˆ &circ; \02c6 \u02c6
small tilde ˜ &tilde; \02dc \u02dc

Greek

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
Greek capital letter alpha Α &Alpha; &#913; \0391 \u0391
Greek capital letter beta Β &Beta; &#914; \0392 \u0392
Greek capital letter gamma Γ &Gamma; &#915; \0393 \u0395
Greek capital letter delta Δ &Delta; &#916; \0394 \u0394
Greek capital letter epsilon Ε &Epsilon; &#917; \0395 \u0395
Greek capital letter zeta Ζ &Zeta; &#918; \0396 \u0396
Greek capital letter eta Η &Eta; &#919; \0397 \u0397
Greek capital letter theta Θ &Theta; &#920; \0398 \u0398
Greek capital letter iota Ι &Iota; &#921; \0399 \u0399
Greek capital letter kappa Κ &Kappa; &#922; \039a \u039a
Greek capital letter lambda Λ &Lambda; &#923; \039b \u039b
Greek capital letter mu Μ &Mu; &#924; \039c \u039c
Greek capital letter nu Ν &Nu; &#925; \039d \u039D
Greek capital letter xi Ξ &Xi; &#926; \039e \u039e
Greek capital letter omicron Ο &Omicron; &#927; \039f \u039f
Greek capital letter pi Π &Pi; &#928; \03a0 \u03a0
Greek capital letter rho Ρ &Rho; &#929; \03a1 \u03a1
Greek capital letter sigma Σ &Sigma; &#931; \03a3 \u03A3
Greek capital letter tau Τ &Tau; &#932; \03a4 \u03A4
Greek capital letter upsilon Υ &Upsilon; &#933; \03a5 \u03A5
Greek capital letter phi Φ &Phi; &#934; \03a6 \u03A6
Greek capital letter chi Χ &Chi; &#935; \03a7 \u03A7
Greek capital letter psi Ψ &Psi; &#936; \03a8 \u03A8
Greek capital letter omega Ω &Omega; &#937; \03a9 \u03A9
Greek small letter alpha α &alpha; &#945; \03b1 \u03b1
Greek small letter beta β &beta; &#946; \03b2 \u03b2
Greek small letter gamma γ &gamma; &#947; \03b3 \u03b3
Greek small letter delta δ &delta; &#948; \03b4 \u03b4
Greek small letter epsilon ε &epsilon; &#949; \03b5 \u03b5
Greek small letter zeta ζ &zeta; &#950; \03b6 \u03b6
Greek small letter eta η &eta; &#951; \03b7 \u03b7
Greek small letter theta θ &theta; &#952; \03b8 \u03b8
Greek small letter iota ι &iota; &#953; \03b9 \u03b9
Greek small letter kappa κ &kappa; &#954; \03ba \u03ba
Greek small letter lambda λ &lambda; &#955; \03bb \u03bb
Greek small letter mu μ &mu; &#956; \03bc \u03bc
Greek small letter nu ν &nu; &#957; \03bd \u03bd
Greek small letter xi ξ &xi; &#958; \03be \u03be
Greek small letter omicron ο &omicron; &#959; \03bf \u03bf
Greek small letter pi π &pi; &#960; \03c0 \u03c0
Greek small letter rho ρ &rho; &#961; \03c1 \u03c1
Greek small letter final sigma ς &sigmaf; &#962; \03C2 \u03c2
Greek small letter sigma σ &sigma; &#963; \03C3 \u03c3
Greek small letter tau τ &tau; &#964; \03C4 \u03c4
Greek small letter upsilon υ &upsilon; &#965; \03C5 \u03c5
Greek small letter phi φ &phi; &#966; \03C6 \03c6
Greek small letter chi χ &chi; &#967; \03C7 \u03c7
Greek small letter psi ψ &psi; &#968; \03C8 \u03c8
Greek small letter omega ω &omega; &#969; \03C9 \u03c9
Greek small letter theta symbol ϑ &thetasym; &#977; \03D1 \u03D1
Greek upsilon with hook symbol ϒ &upsih; &#978; \03D2 \u03D2
Greek pi symbol ϖ &piv; &#982; \03D6 \u03D6

Punctuation

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
en space &ensp; &#8194; \2002 \u2002
em space &emsp; &#8195; \2003 \u2003
thin space &thinsp; &#8201; \2009 \u2009
zero width non-joiner &zwnj; &#8204; \200C \u200C
zero width joiner &zwj; &#8205; \200D \u200d
left-to-right mark &lrm; &#8206; \200E \u200e
right-to-left mark &rlm; &#8207; \200F \u200f
en dash &ndash; &#8211; \2013 \u2013
em dash &mdash; &#8212; \2014 \u2014
left single quotation mark &lsquo; &#8216; \2018 \u2018
right single quotation mark &rsquo; &#8217; \2019 \u2019
single low-9 quotation mark &sbquo; &#8218; \201A \u201a
left double quotation mark &ldquo; &#8220; \201C \u201c
right double quotation mark &rdquo; &#8221; \201D \u201d
double low-9 quotation mark &bdquo; &#8222; \201E \u201e
dagger &dagger; &#8224; \2020 \u2020
double dagger &Dagger; &#8225; \2021 \u2021
per mille sign &permil; &#8240; \2030 \u2030
single left-pointing angle quotation mark &lsaquo; &#8249; \2039 \u2039
single right-pointing angle quotation mark &rsaquo; &#8250; \203A \u203a
bullet, a.k.a. black small circle bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator — u+2219 &bull; &#8226; \2022 \u2219
horizontal ellipsis, a.k.a. three dot leader &hellip; &#8230; \2026 \u2026
prime, a.k.a. minutes, a.k.a. feet &prime; &#8242; \2032 \u2032
double prime, a.k.a. seconds, a.k.a. inches &Prime; &#8243; \2033 \u2033
overline, a.k.a. spacing overscore &oline; &#8254; \203E \u203e
fraction slash &frasl; &#8260; \2044 \u8260

Letter-like Symbols

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
script capital P, a.k.a. power set, a.k.a. Weierstrass p &weierp; &#8472; \2118 \u2118
blackletter capital I, a.k.a. imaginary part &image; &#8465; \2111 \u2111
blackletter capital R, a.k.a. real part symbol &real; &#8476; \211C \u211c
trade mark sign &trade; &#8482; \2122 \u2122
alef symbol &alefsym; &#8501; \2135 \u

Arrows

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
leftwards arrow &larr; &#8592; \2190 \u2190
upwards arrow &uarr; &#8593; \2191 \u2191
rightwards arrow &rarr; &#8594; \2192 \u2192
downwards arrow &darr; &#8595; \2193 \u2193
left right arrow &harr; &#8596; \2194 \u2194
downwards arrow with corner leftwards, a.k.a. carriage return &crarr; &#8629; \21B5 \u21b5
leftwards double arrow can be used for ‘is implied by’ &lArr; &#8656; \21D0 \u21d0
upwards double arrow &uArr; &#8657; \21D1 \u21d1
rightwards double arrow &rArr; &#8658; \21D2 \u21d2
downwards double arrow &dArr; &#8659; \21D3 \ud1d3
left right double arrow &hArr; &#8660; \21D4 \u21d4
black left pointing triangle &#9668; \25C0 \u25c0
black right pointing triangle &#9658; \25b6 \u25b6
black up pointing triangle &#9650; \25b2 \25b2
black down pointing triangle &#9660; \25bc \25bc

Mathematical Operators

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
for all &forall; &#8704; \2200 \u2200
partial differential &part; &#8706; \2202 \u2202
there exists &exist; &#8707; \2203 \u2203
empty set, a.k.a. null set, a.k.a. diameter &empty; &#8709; \2205 \u2205
nabla, a.k.a. backward difference &nabla; &#8711; \2207 \u2207
element of &isin; &#8712; \2208 \u2208
not an element of &notin; &#8713; \2209 \u2209
contains as member &ni; &#8715; \220B \u220b
n-ary product, a.k.a. product sign &prod; &#8719; \220F \u03a0
n-ary sumation &sum; &#8721; \2211 \u03a3
minus sign &minus; &#8722; \2212 \u2212
asterisk operator &lowast; &#8727; \2217 \u2217
square root, a.k.a. radical sign &radic; &#8730; \221A \u221a
proportional to &prop; &#8733; \221D \u221d
infinity &infin; &#8734; \221E \u221e
angle &ang; &#8736; \2220 \u2220
logical and, a.k.a. wedge &and; &#8869; \2227 \u2227
logical or, a.k.a. vee &or; &#8870; \2228 \u2228
intersection, a.k.a. cap &cap; &#8745; \2229 \u2229
union, a.k.a. cup &cup; &#8746; \222A \u222a
integral &int; &#8747; \222B \u222b
therefore &there4; &#8756; \2234 \u2234
tilde &sim; &#8764; \223C \u223c
approximately equal to &cong; &#8773; \2245 \u2245
almost equal to, a.k.a. asymptotic to &asymp; &#8776; \2248 \u2248
not equal to &ne; &#8800; \2260 \u2260
identical to &equiv; &#8801; \2261 \u2261
less-than or equal to &le; &#8804; \2264 \u2264
greater-than or equal to &ge; &#8805; \2265 \u2265
subset of &sub; &#8834; \2282 \u2282
superset of &sup; &#8835; \2283 \u2283
not a subset of &nsub; &#8836; \2284 \u2284
subset of or equal to &sube; &#8838; \2286 \u2286
superset of or equal to &supe; &#8839; \2287 \u2287
circled plus, a.k.a. direct sum &oplus; &#8853; \2295 \u2295
circled times, a.k.a. vector product &otimes; &#8855; \2297 \u2297
up tack &perp; &#8869; \22A5 \u22a5
dot operator &sdot; &#8901; \22C5 \u22c5

Technical

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
left ceiling, a.k.a. apl upstile &lceil; &#8968; \2308 \u2308
right ceiling &rceil; &#8969; \2309 \u2309
left floor, a.k.a. apl downstile &lfloor; &#8970; \230A \u230a
right floor &rfloor; &#8971; \230B \u230b
left-pointing angle bracket &lang; &#9001; \2329 \u2329
right-pointing angle bracket &rang; &#9002; \232A \u232a

Miscellaneous

Description Symbol HTML Numeric CSS JS
lozenge &loz; &#9674; \25CA \u25ca
black spade suit &spades; &#9824; \2660 \u2660
black club suit, a.k.a. shamrock &clubs; &#9827; \2663 \u2663
black heart suit, a.k.a. valentine &hearts; &#9829; \2665 \u2665
black diamond suit &diams; &#9830; \2666 \u2666